A mammoth-bone circle found in 2014 at Kostenki 11 in Russia

A mammoth-bone circle found in 2014 at Kostenki 11 in Russia is a captivating archaeological mystery that fascinates researchers, constructed from the remains of over 60 woolly mammoths. This structure dating back 25,000 years, raises intriguing questions about its purpose, construction methods, and significance within Ice Age hunter-gatherer societies.


Archaeological investigations have yielded valuable insights into the mammoth-bone circle. Evidence of burned mammoth bones suggests the Paleolithic people likely used bone fuel to ignite fires, possibly for activities like butchering mammoth carcasses, indicating a sophisticated understanding of fire usage. Furthermore, the unearthing of plant material resembling modern vegetables implies a varied diet that might have included vegetable accompaniments to mammoth meat dishes.
Despite these discoveries, numerous questions surround the mammoth-bone circle. Debates persist regarding whether the mammoths were hunted or scavenged, the duration of human occupation at the site, and whether the structure possessed any ritualistic or symbolic significance. The ongoing discourse among experts underscores the challenges of interpreting ancient structures solely based on archaeological remnants.
This mammoth-bone circle not only showcases remarkable construction skills and resourcefulness but also offers a glimpse into the daily lives of Ice Age hunter-gatherers as they grappled with the trials of the last glacial period in Europe. The find illuminates the resilience and creativity of our ancient ancestors as they adapted to their harsh environment.

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